PSUs at a Glance

CPSEs Sustaining Growth Trajectory
Public Enterprises Survey 2015-16, 56th in the series, gives a consolidated picture if Performance of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) which are spread over length and breadth of the country. As on 31st March 2016, there were 320 CPSEs (excluding Insurance companies) with a total investment of Rs. 11,71,844 crore consisting of 244 operating and 76 under construction CPSEs.

We give below highlights and macro view of performance of operating CPSEs, Table of Top 10 Profit and Loss Making CPSEs.

Highlights

  • Total paid up capital in 320 CPSEs as on 31.3.2016 stood at  Rs. 2,28,334 crore as compared to Rs. 2,13,020 crore as on 31.3. 2015 (298 CPSEs), showing a growth of 7.19%.
  • Total Investment in all CPSEs stood at Rs. 11,71,844 crore as on 31.3.2016 compared to Rs. 10,95,554 crore as on 31.3.2015, recording a growth of 6.96%.
  • Capital Employed in all CPSEs stood at Rs. 19,68,311 crore on 31.3.2016 compared to Rs. 18, 66,944 crore as on 31.3.2015 showing a growth of 5.43 %.
  • Total turnover/gross revenue from operation of all CPSEs during 2015-16 stood at Rs. 18,54,667 crore compared to Rs. 19, 95,176 crore in the previous year showing a reduction in turnover of 7.04 %.
  • Total income of all CPSEs during 2015-16 stood at Rs. 17,64,754 crore compared to Rs. 19, 65,657 crore in 2014-15, showing a reduction in income of 10.22%.
  • Profit of profit making CPSEs stood at Rs. 1,44,523 crore during 2015-16 compared to Rs. 1,30,364 crore in 2014-15 showing a growth in profit by 10.86%.
  • Loss of loss incurring CPSEs stood at Rs. 28, 756 crore in 2015-16 compared to Rs. 27, 498 crore in 2014-15showing an increase in loss by 4.57 %.
  • Overall net profit of all 244 CPSEs during 2015-16 stood at Rs. 1,15,767 crore compared to Rs. 1,02,866 crore during 2014-15 showing a growth in overall profit of 12.54%.
  • Reserves & Surplus of all CPSEs went up from Rs. 7,71,389 crore in 2014-15 to Rs. 7,96,467 cores in 2015-16, showing an increase by 3.25 %.
  • Net worth of all CPSEs went up from Rs. 9,84,409 crore in 2014-15 to Rs. 10,20,737 crore in 2015-16 registering a growth of 3.69 %.
  • Contribution of CPSEs to Central Exchequer by way of excise duty, customs duty, corporate tax, interest on Central Government loans, dividend and other duties and taxes increased from Rs. 2,00,593 crore in 2014-15 to Rs. 2,78,075 crore in 2015-16, showing a growth of 38.63%.
  • Foreign exchange earnings through exports of goods and services decreased from Rs. 1,03,071 crore in 2014-15 to Rs. 77,216 crore in 2015-16, showing a reduction of 25.08%.
  • Foreign exchange outgo on imports and royalty, know-how, consultancy, interest and other expenditure decreased from Rs. 5,44,561 crore in 2014-15 to Rs. 3,88,045 crore in 2015-16 showing a reduction of 28.74%.
  • CPSEs employed 12.34 lakh people (excluding contractual workers) in 2015-16 compared to 12.91 lakh in 2014-15, showing a reduction in employees by 4.42%.
  • Salary and wages went up in all CPSEs from Rs. 1,26,777 crore in 2014-15 to Rs. 1,28,263 crore in 2015-16 showing a growth of 1.17 %.
  • Total Market Capitalization (M-Cap) of 46 CPSEs traded on stock exchanges of India is Rs. 11,06,766 crore as on 31.03.2016 as compared to Rs. 13,27,393 crore as on 31.03.2015 showing a reduction of 16.62%.
  • M-Cap of CPSEs as per cent of BSE M-Cap decreased from 13.08% as on 31.3.2015 to 11.68% as on 31.3.2016.

Macro-view of performance of operating CPSEs ( in crore)

 

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

No. of Operating CPSEs

217

214

213

217

220

225

230

234

236

244

Capital Employed

660630

724009

792232

908007

1153833

1337821

1508177

1710453

1833274

1938795

Total Gross Turnover   

964890

1096308

1271536

1244805

1498018

1822049

1945814

2066057

1995176

1854667

Total Net Income/Revenue   

970357

1102772

1309639

1272219

1470569

1804614

1931186

2056336

1965638

1764749

Networth  

452613

518485

583144

652993

709498

776162

850921

926663

962518

1002749

Profit before Dep., Impairment, Int, Exc., Items, Ex. Ord. items & Taxes (PBDIEET)

177990

195049

186836

211184

216602

250654

255936

289361

270400

280254

Depreciation, Depletion & Amortization

38982

42470

44441

51168

57118

63591

66109

69817

77500

74631

DRE/Impairment

5841

5802

7661

9565

187

154

436

851

554

409

Profit before Int, Exc. Items, Ex,Or. Items & Taxes(PBIEET)

139008

152579

142395

160017

159298

186910

189390

218693

192346

205213

Interest

27481

32126

39300

36060

26521

36152

38184

51638

44942

48373

Profit before Exc. Items, Ex.Or. Items & Taxes(PBEET)

111528

120453

103095

123957

132777

150758

151207

167055

147412

156841

Exceptional Items

0

0

0

0

-1479

3957

-13525

-14618

-1335

5580

Profit before Ex.Or. Items & Taxes(PBET)

0

0

0

0

134256

146801

164732

181673

148747

151261

Extra-Ordinary Items

-3553

-2549

-2684

-8280

-2695

-428

-1276

-1550

-1394

-8865

Profit before Taxes(PBT)

115407

122023

117695

132222

136951

147230

166008

183223

150141

160126

Tax Provisions

34352

40749

33828

40018

44871

48985

51025

55178

47230

44638

Net Profit/Loss after Tax from Continuing Operations

81055

81274

83867

92203

92079

98245

114982

128045

102911

115488

Net Profit/Loss after Tax from Discontinuing Operations

0

0

0

0

49

1

-1

250

-45

279

Overall Net Profit/Loss

81055

81274

83867

92203

92129

98246

114981

128295

102866

115767

Profit of Profit-making CPSEs

89581

91577

98488

108434

113944

125929

143543

149636

130364

144523

Loss of Loss-making CPSEs

-8526

-10303

-14621

-16231

-21816

-27683

-28562

-21341

-27498

-28756

Profit -making CPSEs (No.)

154

160

158

157

158

161

151

164

159

165

Loss -incurring CPSEs (No.)

61

54

55

60

62

64

78

70

76

78

CPSEs making no Profit/Loss (No.)

2

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

1

Dividend

26819

28123

25501

33223

35700

42627

49703

65115

56527

70954

Dividend Tax

4107

4722

4132

5151

5372

5877

6704

8709

8642

11086


Top Ten Profit Making CPSEs as on 31.3.2016 ( in crore)

SI. No.

CPSE Name

Net Profit

% share in total net profit

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

1

Coal India Ltd.

16343.53

17.82

2

Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd.

16003.65

17.45

3

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.

10399.03

11.34

4

NTPC Ltd.

10242.91

11.17

5

Hindustan Fertilizer Corpn. Ltd*.

9340.14

10.18

6

Bharat Petroleum Corpn. Ltd.

7431.88

8.10

7

Power Finance Corporation Ltd.

6113.48

6.67

8

Power Grid Corporation Of India Ltd.

6026.72

6.57

9

Rural Electrification Corpn. Ltd.

5627.66

6.14

10

Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.

4184.74

4.56

Total (1 to 10)

91713.74

63.46

Net Profit of profit -making CPSEs

144523.03

100.00

* Due to Extra-ordinary income, Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited reported net profit in the year 2015-16

Ten Major Loss Making CPSEs (2015-16) ( in crore)

SI. No.

CPSEs Name

Net Loss

% share in total net loss

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

1

Steel Authority of India Ltd.

-4137.26

18.03

2

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.

-3879.92

16.90

3

Air India Ltd.

-3836.78

16.72

4

Hindustan Photo Films Manufacturing Co. Ltd.

-2527.91

11.01

5

ONGC Videsh Ltd.

-2093.55

9.12

6

Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd.

-2005.74

8.74

7

Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd.

-1420.64

6.19

8

P E C Ltd.

-1142.02

4.98

9

Hindustan Cables Ltd.

-994.12

4.33

10

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.

-913.42

3.98

 

Total (1 to 10)

-22951.36

79.81

 

Net Loss of Loss making CPSEs

-28756.19

100.00

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